Version 1 (modified by ibboard, 11 years ago) (diff)


Commit Messages

As part of the integration between Subversion and Trac to link bug reports/tickets to source code changes, we have a couple of fairly standard hooks on the repository.


The format for a commit message is up to the individual, but a convention that seems to work well in a corporate environment that should transfer well is to use something like:

Re #3 - Ticket title (or brief description similar to the title)
 * Some grouping of changes
 * Some other group of changes
 * Another group of changes

This format works well in both Subversion and Trac (which would munge everything on to a single line without the bullets) and using a descriptive overview of changes rather than the detail means the commit message abstracts away the detail. If someone wants to know exactly what is involved in the commit that "Added LGPL headers to all files" then they can look at the revision details and the file differences.

Pre-commit hook

When you try to commit code, but before the code is actually committed, the system checks your commit message for Trac ticket references (e.g. #1 or ticket:2). You must reference at least one ticket in all commit messages or the commit will be rejected.

This is generally a good thing as all code should normally be written because of a ticket. If there isn't a ticket for the feature or the bug then why is the code being written? There are, however, times when you've closed a ticket and found a bit of code that wasn't checked in (e.g. here), or when a very short fix needs to be made where a ticket is more effort than the fix. In these situation you should reference the closed ticket (if applicable) and use the keyword "no-open-ticket" (with the hyphens). Excessive and unnecessary use of the keyword should be avoided.

Post-commit hook

So that you don't have to update Trac manually, we also have links from the commit message to referenced Trac tickets. These let you tie commits to a ticket, leave comments on the ticket and close the ticket without accessing Trac directly and copying what you just sent to Subversion.

Adding comments to a ticket

References to tickets using any of "references", "refs", "addresses", "re" or "see" followed by a Trac ticket link (e.g. #1 or ticket:2) leaves the referenced ticket in its current state and appends the commit message.

Closing a ticket

If the commit resolves the issue a ticket refers to then the ticket can be closed with the commit message. This is done in a similar manner to commenting on a ticket by using "close", "closed", "closes", "fix", "fixed" or "fixes" followed by a Trac ticket link (e.g. #1 or ticket:2). This will add the comment to the ticket and close it.

Handling multiple tickets

In general commits should be made against a small number of tickets, but multiple tickets can be updated with a single commit message through lists and the word "and".